Europe

Europe

Europe

The use of the term “Europe” has developed gradually throughout history. In antiquity, the Greek historian Herodotus mentioned that the world had been divided by unknown persons into three parts, Europe, Asia, and Libya (Africa), with the Nile and the River Phasis forming their boundaries—though he also states that some considered the River Don, rather than the Phasis, as the boundary between Europe and Asia. Europe’s eastern frontier was defined in the 1st century by geographer Strabo at the River Don. The Book of Jubilees described the continents as the lands given by Noah to his three sons. Europe was defined as stretching from the Pillars of Hercules at the Strait of Gibraltar, separating it from North Africa, to the Don, separating it from Asia.
The etymology of Europe is uncertain. One theory suggests that it is derived from the Greek εὐρύς (eurus), meaning “wide, broad” and ὤψ/ὠπ-/ὀπτ- (ōps/ōp-/opt-), meaning "eye, face, countenance", hence Eurṓpē, “wide-gazing”, “broad of aspect”. Another theory suggests that it is based on a Semitic word such as the Akkadian erebu meaning “to go down, set” (in reference to the sun), cognate to Phoenician 'ereb “evening; west” and Arabic Maghreb, Hebrew ma'arav.


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Product no.: 9870026

Italien, Venice, Sequin N.D.

The doge kneeling before Saint Marcus, cross placed between them

 

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Product no.: 27005051926Z65

Finland, Republic, since 1917, 100 Markkaa 1926

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Product no.: 363740

Hungary, Sigismund, 1386-1437, Gold-Gulden N.D, (before 1427)

Quartered coat of arms with lion.

Rv.St.Ladislas

 

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Product no.: 70005070000 50

Russia, Alexander III. 1881-1894, 10 Rubel 1894.

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Product no.: 28005041904Z63

France, Third Republic, 1871-1904, 50 Francs 1904

 

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Product no.: 360708

Russia, Elizabeth Petrovna, 1741-1761, Rouble 1755

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Product no.: 73000101850Z64

Switzerland, Confederation, since 1848, 5 Franken 1850

 

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Product no.: 70005061897Z58

Russia, Nicolaus II, 1894-1917, 15 Roubles 1897

 

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Product no.: 336670

Italy, Savoy, Ludovico, 1434-1465, Quarto Grosso N.D.

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Product no.: 350567

Netherlands, Gelderland, Province of the United Netherlands, 1543-1795, Ducat 1646

Standing knight

Rv.Shield

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Product no.: 125059

Switzerland, Canton Zürich, 40 Batzen 1813

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Product no.: 44005233133Z65

Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, 1861-1946, 100 Lire 1932

 

Product no.: 120537

France, Third Republic, 1871-1940, 5 Francs 1876 A

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Product no.: 70000701913Z58

Russia, Nikolaus II., 1894-1917, Rubel 1913, PCGS AU-58

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Product no.: 52005201963 00

Luxembourg, 20 Francs 1963.

Product no.: 52005101964 20

Luxembourg, 20 Francs 1964.

Product no.: 44005170000 00

Sardinia, 20 Lire 1828 L.

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Product no.: 383457

Turkey, Ahmed I, AV Sultani Altin AH 1012 =1603, Misr

Product no.: 260703

Italy, Venice, Agostiono Barbarigo, 1486-1501, Marcello (half Lira) ND (1486-1487)

Product no.: 383341

France, Louis XV., 1715-1774, Double-Louis d'or au bandeau 1756 (ex 49)

Large head left with hair ribbon.

 

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period.

France

France

The coins of France speak of an ever stronger centralization of power in the hands of kings.

Italy

Italy

Due to its shape, Italy (officially the Italian Republic) is often referred to as lo Stivale (the boot).

Netherlands

Netherlands

The Netherlands' name literally means "Lower Countries", influenced by its low land and flat geography.

Poland

Poland

Poland's establishment dates back to 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of a territory roughly that of today's Poland, converted to Christianity.

Portugal

Portugal

The numismatics of Portugal is mainly determined by gold. The Portuguez is the most renowned gold coin of Portugal.

Russia

Russia

Russia's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD.

Sweden

Sweden

In the 17th century, Sweden expanded and became the Swedish Empire - one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.

Switzerland

Switzerland

The numismatics of Switzerland has a wide variety of denominations, styles and types, as befits the eventful history of the area.

Turkey

Turkey

Turkey is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

Hungary

Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century.