Italien, Venice, Sequin N.D.
Av. The doge kneeling before Saint Marcus, cross between them
Rs. Haloed Christ in mandorla sourrounded by stars
The ducat, also known as zechine or zecchine (Lat. to ducatus from dukatus) is a gold coin that was common throughout Europe until the beginning of the 20th century.
It has a fineness of 986/1000 and weighs about 3.49 g (fine weight about 3.44 g).
Ducats were first minted in Venice in 1284.
The obverse of the Venetian ducat shows St Mark presenting the flag of the cross to the doge. The reverse features the image of Jesus in a mandorla.
The name ducat comes from the inscription on the reverse of the first coinage: Sit tibi Christe datus quem tu regis iste ducatus ("To you, Christ, be given this dukedom which you reign"). The Venetian ducat is also called zechine or zecchine (Ital. zecchino). The name is derived from Ital. zecca ("mint", "mint"), which comes from Arab. sikka ("minting stick").
In Venice, ducats were minted until the end of the Republic in 1797 with the same coinage and almost unchanged fine weight (gold content). This made Venetian ducats the most stable currency in the world for centuries. From Venice, ducats spread all over the European continent and to the Orient. Especially for the 14th and 15th centuries, the ducat may be regarded as a world trade coin, which was also used as a yardstick for weight comparisons.