Greece, Macedonia, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm posthumous (311 - 305) Babylon

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Greece, Macedonia, Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC), AR tetradrachm posthumous (311-305 BC) Babylon

Av. Heracles head fr. clad in lion's skin
Rs. Throne. Zeus holding an eagle and sceptre, mzz. MI in field, monogr. under throne





Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia and one of the greatest epic heroes of the ancient world lived from 356 - 323 BC.

A general of all time, educated by Aristotle in mathematics, philosophy and art, he defeated the Greeks' greatest enemies, the Persians, and conquered a world empire from Greece to North Africa and India. He died at the age of 32 and his life, like his death in Babylon, is still the subject of many legends.

Alexander the Great was born on 20 July 356 BC in Pella, the capital of Macedonia, the son of King Philip II and Queen Olympias of Epirus. The life of Alexander the Great is often embellished with legends and there are few credible accounts of his childhood.

Nevertheless, it is known that Alexander stood by his father's side even as a young boy. Philip II, who led the originally insignificant Macedonia, over the years gained dominance (hegemony) over the Greek city-states - except Sparta. He even succeeded in uniting the Greek city states in the Corinthian League. In this confederation of states, the Macedonian hegemony under Philip II and Alexander the Great over Greece had finally manifested itself in terms of state law.

When his father was murdered in 336 BC, Alexander immediately succeeded to the throne. In the same year, at the age of 20, he led an army of 15,000 men on his first campaign into what are now Bulgaria and Romania. The so-called Balkan campaign was successful. Alexander then marched southwards, where he brought the breakaway Greek city-states back under his rule.

In the years 343 to 333 BC, he turned his attention to the Persian Empire - the world power of the time. With meanwhile 40,000 men, of which about 5000 were horsemen, he also succeeded in defeating the Persian king Darius III. Later, Alexander the Great even conquered Egypt and was crowned Pharaoh there. In the Nile Delta, he founded the city - Alexandria - which still commemorates him today. After his last great victory in 331 BC, the Greek declared himself "King of Asia".

Alexander the Great was left with no opportunity to resist the retreat of his army. He died unexpectedly on 10 June 323 BC. What he ultimately died of is not known to this day. Shortly before his death, Alexander is said to have said that the strongest Greek should succeed to the throne. In order to find out who this was, his former companions, the so-called Diadochi and epigones, fought against each other for decades. The empire of Alexander the Great disintegrated in the process.

But the age of "Hellenism", which he ushered in with his lifestyle, remained significant until the 1st century BC.


One of Alexander's most famous quotes is:

"I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep. But I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion."


Additional product information

Origin Ancient Greece
Mint Babylon
Grading EF+
Material Silver
Full weight


Literature Price 3751; Sear 6713ff, Müller 735


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Greece, Macedonia, Philip III 323 - 317 BC, AR Tetradrachm Greece, Macedonia, Philip III 323 - 317 BC, AR Tetradrachm
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Macedonia, Alexander III, AR Drachma Macedonia, Alexander III, AR Drachma
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