Byzantium, Andronikos II (1282-1328), AV Hyperpyron
Av.: bust of the Virgin Mary between towers
Rs.: Christus crowning the kneeling Andronikos II.
Special feature: The Hyperpyron, were the last so-called gold bowl coins minted in the Byzantine Empire with a high gold fineness (900/1000). The coins also depict Jesus and Mary on one side each.
EACH COIN IS UNIQUE !!! Please note: The coin delivered may differ minimally from the one shown!
You will receive: a noble and high-quality case as well as a certificate!
On the nominal:
The hyperpyron (Greek ὑπέρπυρον "super refined"), was a Byzantine gold coin minted since the coinage reform of 1092 under Emperor Alexios I Komnenos as a skyphat (bowl-shaped coin), which succeeded the histamenon as the standard gold coin.
Emperor Andronikos II.
Andronikos II Palaiologos (*1259 in Nikaia; †1332 in Constantinople) was Byzantine emperor from 282 to 1328. He was the eldest son of Emperor Michael VIII and from 1272 his crowned co-emperor.
During the reign of Andronikos II, the eastern border of the empire, already neglected under Michael VIII, finally collapsed and the Ottomans under their namesake Sultan Osman I conquered Byzantine Asia Minor except for a few fortified cities and their surrounding coastal strips. To counter this development, Andronikos first sent his son and co-ruler Michael (who is sometimes also referred to as Michael IX, although he never ruled independently), who as an energetic general had also tried to keep the enemies of the Byzantine Empire at bay in the Balkans. to Asia Minor.
Michael advanced rapidly with his troops in the spring of 1302, as the Turks shied away from an open field battle, but was then encircled at Magnesia (today Manisa) and had to retreat by sea. Andronikos then sent another army, this time led by the army commander Georgos Mouzalon, to sack the threatened cities of Nicomedia and Nikaia. But this rescue attempt also failed in the summer of 1302. In 1310 Andronikos succeeded in ending the long-simmering church dispute.
The blossoming of art and science in the years of his reign are referred to in older research as the "Palaiological Renaissance". Renaissance"; in fact, it was more an intensive cultural after-bloom of the cultural revivals of Michael VIII. revivals of Michael VIII after the reconquest of Constantinople (1261).