The predecessor state of the kingdom was the Electorate of Saxony. When Emperor Fracis II laid down the Roman-German imperial crown in 1806 due to an ultimatum of Napoleon and the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist, Saxony threatened to sink into political insignificance. Elector Frederick Augustus III therefore considered an approach to Prussia and dispatched troops to assist its northern neighbor against Napoleonic France.
However, the Prussian-Saxon army was defeated and devastated by French troops. On December 20th 1806, the Kingdom of Saxony was proclaimed and the former Elector received as Frederick August the Just his crown from the hands of Napoleon. On November 13th 1918 king Frederick Augustus III and the kingdom was dissolved.
The mint built by Elector August in Dresden in 1556 was also a bustling workshop in the Kingdom of Saxony. Until its closure in 1887, here mainly thaler and gulden were coined. In the early period until 1838, it struck mainly in the convention monetary standard of 1763 and from 1839 also in the 14-thaler standard and 30-thaler standard.