Turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, and women were given equal civil and political rights, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced.[3] His government also carried out an extensive policy of Turkification. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.


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Product no.: 383457

Turkey, Ahmed I, AV Sultani Altin AH 1012 =1603, Misr

Product no.: 308005

Turkey, Abdul Hamid II., 1876-1909, 250 Kurush Year 1293/32 =1906

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Product no.: 86505140000 00

Turkey, Atatürk - Deluxe, 500 Kurush 1966

Product no.: 42994

Turkey, Abdul Aziz, 1861-1876, 20 Kurush Year 1=1861

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