Europe

Europe

Europe

The use of the term “Europe” has developed gradually throughout history. In antiquity, the Greek historian Herodotus mentioned that the world had been divided by unknown persons into three parts, Europe, Asia, and Libya (Africa), with the Nile and the River Phasis forming their boundaries—though he also states that some considered the River Don, rather than the Phasis, as the boundary between Europe and Asia. Europe’s eastern frontier was defined in the 1st century by geographer Strabo at the River Don. The Book of Jubilees described the continents as the lands given by Noah to his three sons. Europe was defined as stretching from the Pillars of Hercules at the Strait of Gibraltar, separating it from North Africa, to the Don, separating it from Asia.
The etymology of Europe is uncertain. One theory suggests that it is derived from the Greek εὐρύς (eurus), meaning “wide, broad” and ὤψ/ὠπ-/ὀπτ- (ōps/ōp-/opt-), meaning "eye, face, countenance", hence Eurṓpē, “wide-gazing”, “broad of aspect”. Another theory suggests that it is based on a Semitic word such as the Akkadian erebu meaning “to go down, set” (in reference to the sun), cognate to Phoenician 'ereb “evening; west” and Arabic Maghreb, Hebrew ma'arav.


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Product no.: 383341

France, Louis XV., 1715-1774, Double-Louis d'or au bandeau 1756 (ex 49)

Large head left with hair ribbon.

 

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Italy, Venice, Agostiono Barbarigo, 1486-1501, Marcello (half Lira) ND (1486-1487)

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Hungary, Sigismund, 1386-1437, Gold-Gulden N.D, (before 1427)

Quartered coat of arms with lion.

Rv.St.Ladislas

 

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Product no.: 383457

Turkey, Ahmed I, AV Sultani Altin AH 1012 =1603, Misr

Product no.: 70005070000 50

Russia, Alexander III. 1881-1894, 10 Rubel 1894.

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Product no.: 44005101911 30

Italy, Viktor Emanuel III., 50 Lire 1911

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Russia, Elizabeth Petrovna, 1741-1761, Rouble 1755

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Turkey, Abdul Hamid II., 1876-1909, 250 Kurush Year 1293/32 =1906

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Product no.: 74292

Denmark, Frederik VII., 1848-1863, Speciesdaler 1848 VS

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Product no.: 342289

Croatia / Slavonia, Andreas III., 1290-1301; Ban Stefan Babonic (1299-1300), Bagatino o.J.

Crescent and star in double linear circle.
 

 

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Product no.: 336670

Italy, Savoy, Ludovico, 1434-1465, Quarto Grosso N.D.

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Product no.: 350567

Netherlands, Gelderland, Province of the United Netherlands, 1543-1795, Ducat 1646

Standing knight

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Product no.: 27005051926Z65

Finland, Republic, since 1917, 100 Markkaa 1926

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Product no.: 125059

Switzerland, Canton Zürich, 40 Batzen 1813

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Product no.: 21005110000Z65

Denmark, Christian IX, 1863-1906, 10 Kronor 1900

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Product no.: 358860

France, Louis XV., 1715-1774, Ecu Vertugadin 1716 &

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Product no.: 28005041904Z63

France, Third Republic, 1871-1904, 50 Francs 1904

 

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Product no.: 44005233133Z65

Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, 1861-1946, 100 Lire 1932

 

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Product no.: GH1435

France, Pierre Mendes France, 5 Francs 1992.

 

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Product no.: 70000701913Z58

Russia, Nikolaus II., 1894-1917, Rubel 1913, PCGS AU-58

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period.

Danmark

Danmark

The Kingdom of Denmark is a sovereign state that comprises Denmark and two autonomous constituent countries.

France

France

The coins of France speak of an ever stronger centralization of power in the hands of kings.

Great Britain

Great Britain

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

Italy

Italy

Due to its shape, Italy (officially the Italian Republic) is often referred to as lo Stivale (the boot).

Croatia

Croatia

Slavonia is, alongside Dalmatia, Croatia proper, and Istria, one of the four historical regions of Croatia.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a country in western Europe. It is a parliamentary democracy headed by a constitutional monarch. It is the last grand duchy of the former twelve grand duchies in Europe and the last one in the world.

Netherlands

Netherlands

The Netherlands' name literally means "Lower Countries", influenced by its low land and flat geography.

Austria

Austria

The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, when parts of the land were of the Holy Roman Empire.

Poland

Poland

Poland's establishment dates back to 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of a territory roughly that of today's Poland, converted to Christianity.

Portugal

Portugal

The land within the borders of current Portugal has been continuously settled and fought over since prehistoric times.

Russia

Russia

Russia's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD.

Sweden

Sweden

In the 17th century, Sweden expanded and became the Swedish Empire - one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.

Switzerland

Switzerland

Vreneli is the most popular gold coin from Switzerland. The 100 franc was only struck in 1925 with a very limited mintage of 5,000.

Spain

Spain

The origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence.

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918 until its peaceful dissolution on 1 January 1993.

Turkey

Turkey

Turkey is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

Hungary

Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century.

Vatican City

Vatican City

Vatican City, officially Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City is a walled enclave within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1000 it is the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population.